The Public Health Burden of Sexual Violence

Its Effects, Management and Prevention


  • Dr. C. O.Aimakhu


Gender based violence, sexual violence, sexual assault, public health.


Sexual violence is a violation of basic human rights and is a form of Gender Based Violence (GBV) occurring frequently with important public health problems of growing concern all over the world. It involves all levels of the society. In recent times the social media has been engulfed with a lot of stories of sexual violence in the world and Nigeria with some resulting in death. This has increased its public awareness. The public health focus is on tackling violence against women and girls because they are overwhelmingly affected.

A literature review of 30 relevant published articles and policy documents on The Public Health Burden of Sexual Violence: Its Effects, Management and Prevention from 1986 to 2016 using both manual and electronic search of relevant databases.

Sexual assault includes a spectrum of activities ranging from rape to physically less intrusive sexual contacts, whether attempted or completed and most victims of sexual assault will not face up to the hazards of reporting because of stigmatization. Sexual violence can have psychological, emotional and physical effects amongst others on a survivor.

Awareness and prevention are very important and health workers should screen routinely for battery, provide education about violence, assess the danger, preview safety plans and refer patients appropriately.


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Author Biography

  • Dr. C. O.Aimakhu

    Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.


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Akhiwu W, Umanah IN, Olueddo AN. Sexual Assaults in Benin City, Nigeria. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2013; 12(4): 377-382.

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Adeleke NA, Olowokere AS, Hassan MB, Komolafe JO, Asekun- Olarinmoye EO. Sexual assault against women at Osogbo southwestern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Research 2012; 15:190-193.

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Geidam AD, Njoku AE, Bako B. Prevalence and Nature of Sexual Assault among Female Students inaTertiaryInstitutioninMaiduguri,Nigeria A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Health Research, 2010; 3(4): 199-203.

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The Public Health Burden of Sexual Violence: Its Effects, Management and Prevention




How to Cite

The Public Health Burden of Sexual Violence: Its Effects, Management and Prevention. JRSH [Internet]. 2017 Jun. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];1(1):47-52. Available from:

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